THE RESEARCH BEHIND WHY WE FOCUS ON FAMILIES AND OUR FOUR LEARNING PATHWAYS

Woodfield True Nature Campus depends on evidence-based research to inform our program development.  The following studies highlight some of the key research that supports the work we do and why we do it.

Chronic illness and the Family 

Alderfer, M. A., Long, K. A., Lown, E. A., Marsland, A. L., Ostrowski, N. L., Hock, J. M., & Ewing, L. J. (2010). Psychosocial adjustment of siblings of children with cancer: a systematic review. Psycho‐oncology, 19(8), 789-805.

 

Burns, W., Péloquin, K., Rondeau, É., Drouin, S., Bertout, L., Lacoste-Julien, A., ... & Sultan, S. (2018). Cancer-related effects on relationships, long-term psychological status and relationship satisfaction in couples whose child was treated for leukemia: A PETALE study. PloS one, 13(9), e0203435.

 

Dunn, M. J., Rodriguez, E. M., Barnwell, A. S., Grossenbacher, J. C., Vannatta, K., Gerhardt, C. A., & Compas, B. E. (2012). Posttraumatic stress symptoms in parents of children with cancer within six months of diagnosis. Health Psychology, 31(2), 176.

 

Duran, B. (2013). Posttraumatic growth as experienced by childhood cancer survivors and their families: a narrative synthesis of qualitative and quantitative research. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 30(4), 179-197.

 

Huizinga, G. A., Visser, A., Zelders-Steyn, Y. E., Teule, J. A., Reijneveld, S. A., & Roodbol, P. F. (2011). The psychological impact of having a parent with cancer. European Journal of Cancer, 47, S239-S246.

 

Kazak, A. E. (2005a). Evidence-based interventions for survivors of childhood cancer and their families. Journal of pediatric psychology, 30(1), 29-39.

 

Kazak, A. E., Boeving, C. A., Alderfer, M. A., Hwang, W. T., & Reilly, A. (2005b). Posttraumatic stress symptoms during treatment in parents of children with cancer. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 23(30), 7405-7410.

 

Klassen, A., Raina, P., Reineking, S., Dix, D., Pritchard, S., & O’Donnell, M. (2007). Developing a literature base to understand the caregiving experience of parents of children with cancer: a systematic review of factors related to parental health and well-being. Supportive Care in Cancer, 15(7), 807-818.

 

Kovacs Burns, K., Nicolucci, A., Holt, R. I., Willaing, I., Hermanns, N., Kalra, S., ... & DAWN2 Study Group. (2013). Diabetes Attitudes, Wishes and Needs second study (DAWN2™): Cross‐national benchmarking indicators for family members living with people with diabetes. Diabetic Medicine, 30(7), 778-788.

 

Krattenmacher, T., Kühne, F., Ernst, J., Bergelt, C., Romer, G., & Möller, B. (2012). Parental cancer: factors associated with children's psychosocial adjustment—a systematic review. Journal of psychosomatic research, 72(5), 344-356.

 

Litzelman, K., Catrine, K., Gangnon, R., & Witt, W. P. (2011). Quality of life among parents of children with cancer or brain tumors: the impact of child characteristics and parental psychosocial factors. Quality of life Research, 20(8), 1261-1269.

 

Long, K. A., & Marsland, A. L. (2011). Family adjustment to childhood cancer: A systematic review. Clinical child and family psychology review, 14(1), 57-88.

 

Mackenzie, C. R. (2014). ‘It is hard for mums to put themselves first’: how mothers diagnosed with breast cancer manage the sociological boundaries between paid work, family and caring for the self. Social Science & Medicine, 117, 96-106.

 

Morris, J., Turnbull, D., Preen, D., Zajac, I., & Martini, A. (2018). The psychological, social, and behavioural impact of a parent's cancer on adolescent and young adult offspring aged 10–24 at time of diagnosis: A systematic review. Journal of adolescence, 65, 61-71.

 

Murray, J. (1998). The lived experience of childhood cancer: one sibling's perspective. Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing, 21(4), 217-227.

 

Nicolucci, A., Kovacs Burns, K., Holt, R. I., Comaschi, M., Hermanns, N., Ishii, H., ... & Tarkun, I. (2013). Diabetes Attitudes, Wishes and Needs second study (DAWN2™): Cross‐national benchmarking of diabetes‐related psychosocial outcomes for people with diabetes. Diabetic medicine, 30(7), 767-777.

 

Osborn, T. (2007). The psychosocial impact of parental cancer on children and adolescents: a systematic review. Psycho‐Oncology: Journal of the Psychological, Social and Behavioral Dimensions of Cancer, 16(2), 101-126.

 

Park, C. L., Cohen, L. H., & Murch, R. L. (1996). Assessment and prediction of stress‐related growth. Journal of personality, 64(1), 71-105.

 

Phipps, S., Klosky, J. L., Long, A., Hudson, M. M., Huang, Q., Zhang, H., & Noll, R. B. (2014). Posttraumatic stress and psychological growth in children with cancer: Has the traumatic impact of cancer been overestimated? Journal of Clinical Oncology, 32(7), 641.

 

Prati, G., & Pietrantoni, L. (2009). Optimism, social support, and coping strategies as factors contributing to posttraumatic growth: A meta-analysis. Journal of loss and trauma, 14(5), 364-388.

 

Purc-Stephenson, R., & Lyseng, A. (2016). How are the kids holding up? A systematic review and meta-analysis on the psychosocial impact of maternal breast cancer on children. Cancer treatment reviews, 49, 45-56.

 

Sahler, O. J. Z., Fairclough, D. L., Katz, E. R., Varni, J. W., Phipps, S., Mulhern, R. K., ... & Johnson, W. L. (2006). Problem-solving skills training for mothers of children with newly diagnosed cancer. Comprehensive handbook of childhood cancer and sickle cell disease: A biopsychosocial approach. New York: Oxford.

 

Stuber, M. L., Kazak, A. E., Meeske, K., Barakat, L., Guthrie, D., Garnier, H., ... & Meadows, A. (1997). Predictors of posttraumatic stress symptoms in childhood cancer survivors. Pediatrics

 

Sultan, S., Leclair, T., Rondeau, E., Burns, W., & Abate, C. (2016). A systematic review on factors and consequences of parental distress as related to childhood cancer. European journal of cancer care, 25(4), 616-637.

 

Taïeb, O., Moro, M. R., Baubet, T., Revah-Lévy, A., & Flament, M. F. (2003). Posttraumatic stress symptoms after childhood cancer. European child & adolescent psychiatry, 12(6), 255-264.

 

Tedeschi, R. G., & Calhoun, L. G. (2004). " Posttraumatic growth: Conceptual foundations and empirical evidence". Psychological Inquiry, 15(1), 1-18.

 

Tedeschi, R. G., & Calhoun, L. G. (1996). The Posttraumatic Growth Inventory: Measuring the positive legacy of trauma. Journal of traumatic stress, 9(3), 455-471.

 

Van Schoors, M., Caes, L., Knoble, N. B., Goubert, L., Verhofstadt, L. L., & Alderfer, M. A. (2017). Systematic review: Associations between family functioning and child adjustment after pediatric cancer diagnosis: A meta-analysis. Journal of pediatric psychology, 42(1), 6-18.

 

Visser, A., Huizinga, G. A., van der Graaf, W. T., Hoekstra, H. J., & Hoekstra-Weebers, J. E. (2004). The impact of parental cancer on children and the family: a review of the literature. Cancer treatment reviews, 30(8), 683-694.

 

Walczak, A., McDonald, F., Patterson, P., Dobinson, K., & Allison, K. (2018). How does parental cancer affect adolescent and young adult offspring? A systematic review. International journal of nursing studies, 77, 54-80.

 

Whittemore, R., Jaser, S., Chao, A., Jang, M., & Grey, M. (2012). Psychological experience of parents of children with type 1 diabetes: a systematic mixed-studies review. The Diabetes Educator, 38(4), 562-579.

 

Witt, W. P., Litzelman, K., Wisk, L. E., Spear, H. A., Catrine, K., Levin, N., & Gottlieb, C. A. (2010). Stress-mediated quality of life outcomes in parents of childhood cancer and brain tumor survivors: a case–control study. Quality of Life Research, 19(7), 995-1005.

 

Wysocki, T., Greco, P., & Buckloh, L. M. (2003). Childhood Diabetes in Psychological Context.

 

Zoellner, T., & Maercker, A. (2006). Posttraumatic growth in clinical psychology—A critical review and introduction of a two-component model. Clinical psychology review, 26(5), 626-653.

 

Action Learning

Baron, L. (2016). Authentic leadership and mindfulness development through action learning. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 31(1), 296-311.

 

Haidet, P., & Fecile, M. L. (2006). Team-based learning: a promising strategy to foster active learning in cancer education. Journal of Cancer Education, 21(3), 125-128.

 

Kramer, R. (2007). How might action learning be used to develop the emotional intelligence and leadership capacity of public administrators?. Journal of Public Affairs Education, 13(2), 205-242.

 

Koch, T., Selim, P. A. M., & Kralik, D. (2002). Enhancing lives through the development of a community‐based participatory action research program. Journal of clinical nursing, 11(1), 109-117.

 

Kralik, D., van Loon, A., & Visentin, K. (2006). Resilience in the chronic illness experience. Educational Action Research, 14(2), 187-201.

 

Marquardt, M., Seng, N. C., & Goodson, H. (2010). Team development via action learning. Advances in developing human resources, 12(2), 241-259.

 

Revans, R. (2017). ABC of action learning. Routledge.

 

Benefits of Nature

Barton, J., & Pretty, J. (2010). What is the best dose of nature and green exercise for improving mental health? A multi-study analysis. Environmental science & technology, 44(10), 3947-3955.

 

Bragg, R & Atkins, G (2016). A Review of Nature-based Interventions for Mental Health Care. Natural England Commissioned Reports. Number 204. Department
for Environment Food & Rural Affairs. Government of The United Kingdom.

 

Cohen-Cline, H., Turkheimer, E., & Duncan, G. E. (2015). Access to green space, physical activity and mental health: a twin study. J Epidemiol Community Health, 69(6), 523-529.

 

Gill, T. (2014). The benefits of children's engagement with nature: A systematic literature review. Children Youth and Environments, 24(2), 10-34.

 

James, P., Banay, R. F., Hart, J. E., & Laden, F. (2015). A review of the health benefits of greenness. Current epidemiology reports, 2(2), 131-142.

 

Kuo, M., Barnes, M., & Jordan, C. (2019). Do experiences with nature promote learning? Converging evidence of a cause-and-effect relationship. Frontiers in psychology, 10, 305.

 

Lubans, D., Richards, J., Hillman, C., Faulkner, G., Beauchamp, M., Nilsson, M., ... & Biddle, S. (2016). Physical activity for cognitive and mental health in youth: a systematic review of mechanisms. Pediatrics, 138(3), e20161642.

 

McCormick, R. (2017). Does access to green space impact the mental well-being of children: A systematic review. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 37, 3-7.

 

Mitchell, R. (2013). Is physical activity in natural environments better for mental health than physical activity in other environments?. Social Science & Medicine, 91, 130-134.

 

Shanahan, D. F., Bush, R., Gaston, K. J., Lin, B. B., Dean, J., Barber, E., & Fuller, R. A. (2016). Health benefits from nature experiences depend on dose. Scientific reports, 6, 28551.

 

Söderback, I., Söderström, M., & Schälander, E. (2004). Horticultural therapy: the ‘healing garden’and gardening in rehabilitation measures at Danderyd Hospital Rehabilitation Clinic, Sweden. Pediatric rehabilitation, 7(4), 245-260.

 

Twohig-Bennett, C., & Jones, A. (2018). The health benefits of the great outdoors: A systematic review and meta-analysis of greenspace exposure and health outcomes. Environmental research, 166, 628-637.

 

Zupancic, T., Kingsley, M., Jason, T., Macfarlane, R. (2015). Green City: Why nature matters to health. Toronto Public Health. The City of Toronto.

 

Mind-Body Practice

Birdee, G. S., Yeh, G. Y., Wayne, P. M., Phillips, R. S., Davis, R. B., & Gardiner, P. (2009). Clinical applications of yoga for the pediatric population: A systematic review. Academic Pediatrics, 9(4), 212-220.

 

Buffart, L. M., Van Uffelen, J. G., Riphagen, I. I., Brug, J., van Mechelen, W., Brown, W. J., & Chinapaw, M. J. (2012). Physical and psychosocial benefits of yoga in cancer patients and survivors, a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. BMC cancer, 12(1), 559.

 

Chong, C. S., Tsunaka, M., & Chan, E. P. (2011). Effects of yoga on stress management in healthy adults: a systematic review. Alternative therapies in health and medicine, 17(1), 32.

 

Cramer, H., Lauche, R., Langhorst, J., & Dobos, G. (2013). Yoga for depression: A systematic review and meta‐analysis. Depression and anxiety, 30(11), 1068-1083.

 

Garland, E., Gaylord, S., & Park, J. (2009). The role of mindfulness in positive reappraisal. Explore, 5(1), 37-44.

 

Goyal, M., Singh, S., Sibinga, E. M., Gould, N. F., Rowland-Seymour, A., Sharma, R., ... & Ranasinghe, P. D. (2014). Meditation programs for psychological stress and well-being: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA internal medicine, 174(3), 357-368.

 

Innes, K. E., & Vincent, H. K. (2007). The influence of yoga-based programs on risk profiles in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 4(4), 469-486.

 

Smith, J. E., Richardson, J., Hoffman, C., & Pilkington, K. (2005). Mindfulness‐Based Stress Reduction as supportive therapy in cancer care: systematic review. Journal of advanced nursing, 52(3), 315-327.

 

Social Support and Play

Berkman, L. F., & Glass, T. (2000). Social integration, social networks, social support, and health. Social epidemiology, 1, 137-173.

 

Dukes Holland, K., & Holahan, C. K. (2003). The relation of social support and coping to positive adaptation to breast cancer. Psychology and health, 18(1), 15-29.

 

Ginsburg, K. R. (2007). The importance of play in promoting healthy child development and maintaining strong parent-child bonds. Pediatrics, 119(1), 182-191.

 

Kazak, A. E. (2005a). Evidence-based interventions for survivors of childhood cancer and their families. Journal of pediatric psychology, 30(1), 29-39.

 

Milteer, R. M., Ginsburg, K. R., & Mulligan, D. A. (2012). The importance of play in promoting healthy child development and maintaining strong parent-child bond: Focus on children in poverty. Pediatrics, 129(1), e204-e213.

 

Procidano, M. E., & Heller, K. (1983). Measures of perceived social support from friends and from family: Three validation studies. American journal of community psychology, 11(1), 1-24.

 

Shilling, V., Morris, C., Thompson‐Coon, J., Ukoumunne, O., Rogers, M., & Logan, S. (2013). Peer support for parents of children with chronic disabling conditions: a systematic review of quantitative and qualitative studies. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 55(7), 602-609.

 

Van Schoors, M., Caes, L., Knoble, N. B., Goubert, L., Verhofstadt, L. L., & Alderfer, M. A. (2017). Systematic review: Associations between family functioning and child adjustment after pediatric cancer diagnosis: A meta-analysis. Journal of pediatric psychology, 42(1), 6-18.

 

Reflective Practice

Boud, D. (2001). Using journal writing to enhance reflective practice. New directions for adult and continuing education, 2001(90), 9-18.

 

Ghaye, T. (2010). Teaching and learning through reflective practice: A practical guide for positive action. Routledge.

 

Horton-Deutsch, S., & Sherwood, G. D. (2017). Reflective practice: Transforming education and improving outcomes (Vol. 2). Sigma Theta Tau.

 

Loughran, J. J. (2002). Effective reflective practice: In search of meaning in learning about teaching. Journal of teacher education, 53(1), 33-43.

 

Mann, K., Gordon, J., & MacLeod, A. (2009). Reflection and reflective practice in health professions education: a systematic review. Advances in health sciences education, 14(4), 595.

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